Baseline configurations for IT systems have long been used in the enterprise for security hardening, to reduce costs and improve the service IT departments can deliver to end users. Starting in 2008, US Federal Agencies were required to adopt the Federal Desktop Core Configuration (FDCC), which contained more than 700 baseline settings for Windows XP and Vista.
When Microsoft released Windows 7 in 2009, FDCC became the United States Government Configuration Baseline (USGCB). Mandated by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), all federal agencies and government contractors are required to comply with the code.
"A key ingredient is that the mandate also requires administrative rights be removed from users"
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer (MCSE)